Female Reproductive System 

The picture " " can link to it's
corresponding histological photograph. 

The picture " " can link to it's
corresponding histological drawing.




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   A) Ovary 

( R-1-b or h, HE)
( NR-1-a, HE, monkey )


Mesothelium ( germinal epithelium )

Tunica albuginea

Cortex
  Primordial follicles -

»»  Oocyte - large and rounded, light stain
»»  Simple squamous or cuboidal cells

  Primary follicles -

»»  Multiple layered follicle cells
»»  Zona pellucida
»»  Oocyte

  Secondary follicles - with antrum formation

  Mature follicles ( Graafian follicles ) -

»»  Antrum with flocculent precipitates
»»  Membrana granulosa
»»  Cumulus oophorus
»»  Corona radiata
»»  Zona pellucida
»»  Oocyte
»»  Theca interna
»»  Theca externa

  Atretic follicles ( Follicles in atresia )

»»  Connective tissue
»»  Residue of zona pellucida

  Ovarin stroma

Medulla-with blood vessels

»»  * helicine a.

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   B) Corpus luteum

( NR-1-e, HE, human )

Granulosa lutein cells

»»  - large amount of cytoplasm and large
»»  spherical nucleus ( light stain)

Theca lutein cells- small cells

»»  irregular spherical nucleus, ( deep stain )

Blood clot

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    C)Corpus albicans

( NR-1-f, HE, human )

»»  Fibrous tissue mass -hyaline substances
»»  Many branches of ovarian arteries

   D) Oviduct 

NR-2-d, ampulla portion; 
NR-2-b, isthmus portion, HE, human



Mucosa

»»  Mucosal folds-complicated in NR-2-d, simple in NR-2-b
»»  Simple columnar epithelium 
     - ciliated and nonciliated cells

Muscularis

»»  - thick inner circular & thinner outer longitudinal

Serosa

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   E) Uterus

NR-3-e, proliferation stage;
NR-3-f, secretory stage, HE, human


Endometrium

»»  Simple columnar epithelium
»»  Uterine glands ( well developed in secretory stage )
»»  Coiled arteries (in secretory stage)

Myometrium

»»  Abundant bundles of smooth muscle fibers
»»  Branches of uterine artery-well developed

Perimetrium

   F) Cervix uteri

( R-4-c, HE, human)

Endocervix
  Mucosa

»»  Simple columnar epithelium
»»  Endocervical glands

  Tunica muscularis

»»  Inner circular
»»  Outer longitudinal

  Fibrosa

Vaginalis portion

»»  Stratified squamous epithelium
»»  * devoid of glands

   G) Vagina

( NR-5-b, human, HE )

Mucosa
  Transverse folds

»»  stratified squamous epithelium
»»  basement membrane

  Lamina propria

»»  lymphocytes ( nodules )
»»  leukocytes
»»  elastic fibers
»»  -devoid of gland
»»  * no muscularis mucosa

Mascularis

»»  Outer longitudinal - predominant
»»  Inner circular
»»  * rich in elastic fibers
»»  * skeletal muscle fibers ( at entrance )

Fibrosa

»»  dense connective tissue
»»  coarse elastic fibers

   H) Mammary gland 

NR-6-a, inactive
NR-6-b, active, HE, human


Lobules
  Glandular alveoli-numberous in NR-6-b

»»  Single layer of cuboidal epithelium
»»  Myoepithelial cells

  Intralobular ducts

»»  * Duct element- many in NR-6-a

Interlobular connective tissue

»»  Interlobular ducts

Adipose tissue

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